Opioid Management in CKD

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience high pain and symptom burden. Concurrently, opioid prescription and use inpatients with CKD continues to increase, leading to concern for opioid-related risks. Nephrologists increasingly face challenging clinical situations requiring further evaluation and treatment of pain, for which opioid use may be indicated. However, nephrologists are not commonly trained in pain management and may find it difficult to compile the necessary information and tools to effectively assess and treat potentially multidimensional pain.